Inventions and Lists of Most Important Technology

A list of significant inventions that have shaped our civilization are presented below. This list is constantly being updated. If you know of something we have missed, please send us a message. As text is developed about each item, and pictures are assembled, they will be made available. The background work has been going on for several years, and it is being assembled, piece by piece.

If you use this information, the citation should read: List of Inventions. (Today's Date). In TechnologySite.org. Retrieved (Date), from http://www.TechnologySite.org.

List of Inventions

Agriculture

Techniques

Crop rotation

Irrigation

Domestication

Draft animals

Selective breeding

Gene manipulation

Processing/distribution/refrigeration

Plow

Harvesting Devices

Alcohol

Beer

Distilled Spirits

Fuels

Manufacturing

Wine

Preservative

Medicinal

Architecture and Construction Technologies

Arch

Monuments

Equipment

Aquaculture

Freshwater

Marine

Ocean Ranching

Off-shore Pens

Cages and Rafts

On-Bottom

Coastal Facilities

Marine Species in Shore Facilities

Aquariums

Residential

Public

Aqueducts

Wood

Incas

Stone

Pipes

Asphalt

Barbed Wire

Agriculture Uses

Zoos and Wildlife Uses

People Uses

Baths

Buildings

Roofs

Elevators

Windows

HVAC

Plumbing

Lead

Copper

Cast Iron

Fire Prevention

Sprinklers

Alarms

Escapes

Foundations

Chemistry

Chlorine

Textiles

Medicines

Cities

Apartment Buildings

Pipes and Plumbing

Sanitation

Fire Safety

Police

Clocks

Communication Technologies

Telephone

Corded

Portable

Wireless

Web-based

Telegraph

Morse Code

Smoke

Lights

Flags

Compass

Computers

The First Computers

The Abacus

The Pascaline:Pascal's numerical wheel calculator

The arithometer: Colmar's mechanical calculator

The Analytical Engine: Babbage's answer

Hollerith's tabulating machine

First Generation of Modern Electronic Tube Computers (1945-1956)

The German Z3, to design airplanes and missiles (1941)

Colossus: a secret code-breaking computer (1943)

Mark I: The Harvard-IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (1944)

ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer

EDVAC: Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (1945)

UNIVAC I: Universal Automatic Computer (1951)

Second Generation, Solid-State Computers (1956-1963)

Stretch by IBM and LARC by Sperry-Rand (1956)

IBM 1401 and Equivalents (1960)

Third Generation Integrated Circuit Computers (1964-1971)

Fourth Generation (1971-Present)

Intel 4004 chip (integrated unit) (1971)

Commodore, Radio Shack and Apple

IBM PC (1981)

Apple Macintosh (1984).

Construction Materials

Mud and Straw Bricks

Wood

Concrete

Crime and Punishment

Guillotine

Gallows

Electric Chair   

Dams

Flood Control

Power Generation

Irrigation

Death Technologies

Cemeteries

Pyramids

Cremation

Embalmment

Mummification

Freeze Drying

Pets

Game animals

Eating Technologies

Chop sticks

Cutlery for eating

Bread and Fingers

Education

Universities

Texts

Teaching Schools

CD-Roms

Web-based Instruction and degrees

Electricity Production and Use

Generators

Electric Lights

Incandescent Lamp

Neon

Fluorescent

Magnets and Electromagnetism

Batteries

Motors

Superconducting

Electronics

Vacuum Tubes

Transistors

Radio

TV

Radar

Lasers

Fasteners

Zippers

Buttons

Snaps

Adhesives

Glues

Tape

Fire

Starters

Fire Drill

Matches

Magnifying Glass

Spontaneous Combustion

Fire hardening of wooden and metal tools

Cooking

Heat

Defense

Predators

Raiders

Manufacturing

Light

Candles

Lanterns

Torches

Fisheries

Fish hook

Gears

Food and Drink

Bread

Leavened

Unleavened

Soda

Gum - Chewing and Bubble

Preservation

Convenience

Cans

Bottles

Freezing

Dehydrating

Radiation

UHT

Pasteurization

Glass

Glass Making

Gunpowder

Fireworks

Construction

Seismographics

Weaponry

Household Appliances

Microwave Oven

Clothes Washers and Dryers

Vacuums

Irons

Hair Dryers

Microwave Ovens

Stoves and Cooktops

Gas

Electric

Magnetic Induction

Refrigerators & Freezers

Ovens

Blenders

Bread Makers

Waffle Makers

Internet

Connectivity

WANs

LANs

Routers, Switches

Packets

Languages

Knives

Shaving Razors

Machetes

Kitchen

Box Cutters

Language: Spoken and written

Languages

Sanskrit

Arabic

Romance

English

Cuneiform

Cyrillic

Roman

Greek

Chinese

Japanese

Korean

Instruments

Pen

Mechanical,

Quill

Fountain

Ballpoint

marker

Pencils

Crayons

Chalk

Media

Clay

Papyrus

Paper

Parchment

Skins

Numerals

Arabic

Roman

Writing and Copying Devices

Word Processors

Typewriters

Photocopy machines

Mechanical Pen for duplicating movement (T. Jefferson)

Dictionaries

Encyclopedias

Thesaurus

Translation Tools

Dictionaries

Software

Handheld

Humans

Manufacturing

Assembly Lines

Interchangeable components

Molds and casting

Lathes

Mathematics and Physics

Arithmetic

Decimals

Geometry

Trigonometry

Calculus

Quantum Mechanics

Theory of Relativity

Medicine

Drugs

Penicillin

Surgical Techniques and equipment

Hospitals

Ether

Dental

Plastic Surgery

Prosthetics

Metallurgy

Stone Age

Bronze Age

Iron Age

Blast Furnace

Meteorology

Money

Coins

Paper

Beads

Metals and Beads

Musical Instruments

Optical Fiber

Optics

Magnifying Glasses

Microscope

Telescope

Organization

Bureaucracy

Capitalism

Mercantilism

Communism

Slavery

Socialism

State Planning

Patent System

Plastics

Nylon

PVC

Teflon

Rayon

Post-it Notes

Pottery

Power Engines

Internal Combustion Engine

Two or Four Cycle, rotary

Gasoline

Diesel

Natural Gas

Steam Engines

Electric Motors

Power Generation

Biofuels

Wind - Wind is one of the most popular green technologies advocated by environmentalists. However, it has some serious problems with aesthetics, birds and bats, and the NIMBY syndrome (not in my back yard). Technical issues surrounding its intermittent nature are difficult to surmount. My assessment is that it can provide useful power in the range of 5-8% of total capacity. A  thorough review of all the negative issues can be found in this report by Richard Courtney.  This is a valuable document that helps serve as a reality check. Anyone wishing to become an advocate of wind energy needs to deal successfully with the criticisms.

Solar

Geothermal

Ocean tides

Currents

Heat

Wind Power

Sails

Square

Lanteen

Ultra Modern - ships

Modern Blades

Wind Mills

Milling of Grains

Manufacturing

Saw Mills

Electricity . For a negative view of wind energy potential, see this paper.

Pumps

Water

Water Wheel

Turbine

Steam

Wood

Coal

Oil and Gas

Nuclear

Solar

Electricity Generation

Generators

Alternators

Fuel Cells

Internal Combustion Engine

Auxiliary Power

Commercial Businesses

Aboard Ships

Interim Power

Printing press

Movable Type

Recording: Sight and Sound

Photography

Cameras

Film

Digital

Movie

Projectors

Tube

LED

Audio

Phonograph

Tape Recorder

Audio CDs

Religion

Buddhism

Christianity

Hinduism

Islamism

Judaism

Ancient religions

Religious Buildings

Cathedrals

Temples

Mosques

Ancients

Rope and Cord

Lasso

Bola

Bridges

Sling

Nets

Yarn

Cotton Gin

Scale (weight)

Scientific Method

Sewers and Treatments

Space Technologies

Flight

Mercury Program

Gemini Program

Apollo Program. See magic and suspenseful moments in the Apollo Program through the eyes of the Editor during 4 years at Kennedy Space Center. For a version with sound and video: JFK's pledge and "The Eagle has Landed"

Space Shuttle. See behind the scenes look at a shuttle launch preparation.

Observation

Communication

Springs

In mechanisms such as clocks

On Vehicles

Shock Dampening

Textiles

Sewing and Weaving

Dyes

Machinery

Looms

Silk

Cotton

Polyester and Other Synthetics

Wool

Time

Calendars

Clocks and watches

Mechanical

Water

Sand

Sun Dial

Tools

Hammers

Pulleys

Axes

Chisels

Splitters

Saws

Cantilever

Scissors

Shovel

Bow drill

Ramps

Screw

Water Lifting

Presses: Printing, Olive Wine

Lathes

Fastener

Gear Assembly/Power transmitter

Telecommunications

Television

Tobacco and Its Paraphernalia

Toilets

Latrine

Roman

Water Closet

Portable Toilets

Transport in Air

Altimeter

Propellers and Engines

Passenger Planes

Military Aircraft

Private Aircraft

Cargo Aircraft

Transport on Land

Roads and Highways

Tollroads

Railroads

Horse-Drawn

Steam

Diesel

Electric

MagLev

Bridges and Equipment

Tunnels and Equipment

Roads and Equipment

Wheels

Spokes

Pneumatic tire

Animals

Breeding

Draft Animals

Horseshoes

Speed

Harness

Bit

Stirrups

Types

Oxen

Horse

Donkey

Mule

Llama

Water buffalo

Camel

Elephant

Bicycles

Automobiles

Trucks

Maps

Odometers

Speedometers

Brakes

Transport in Space

Orbiting Facilities

Manufacturing

Laboratories

Hotels

Colonies

Rocket

Ballistic

Propulsion Systems

Chemical

Hydrocarbon

Nuclear

Solar

Transport on Water

Canoes & Dugouts

Rafts

Rudder on Stern of Ship

Canals

Compass

Navigation Aids

Lighthouses

Buoys

Channel Markers

Loran

GPS

Charting

Shipbuilding

Propulsion Systems

Oar

Sail

Steam

Diesel

Nuclear

War and Weapon Technologies - For Hunting, Sport, Defense and Offense

Fortifications

Codes and deciphering

Armor

Personal

Equipment

Guns

Muskets

Rifles

Pistols

Machine

Artillery

Air Guns

Pumps

Projectiles

Blow Guns

Projectiles

Catapults

Greek Fire

Spear

Arrow

Darts and Dart Guns

Boomerang

Sling

Throwing Stick

Long Bow

Crossbow

Catapults

Chemical Weapons

Flame Throwers

Hand Grenades

RPGs

Rockets

Tanks

Personnel Carriers

Wheels and Axles

Wood

Log Rollers

Wooden Wheels

Metal

Pneumatic

Tracks

Railroad

Shipyard

Manufacturing

Bearings

Lubricants

X-rays

Quality Control

Medicine

Archaeology

Shoe Fitting

Zoos

 

 
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Disclaimer: Every attempt is made to be accurate. Material is generally from multiple sources or is general knowledge. However, nothing on this website is represented as absolute fact. The history of few inventions, even how they are described, is known with unanimity among authors. If anything, the information on this website represents only the opinion of its creators.

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This page updated or reviewed in March 2011